Mapping College Football Crowds and Covid Risk

Elwanda Tulloch

While public discourse around college football’s return has focused on the student-athlete risk, fan attendance could have a greater impact on overall public health. For the programs still planning to play this fall, yet another decision looms: Will there be fans at games? And if so, how many?

There have already been instances of the health risks that come from crowded sporting events. The first came Feb. 19, as nearly 2,500 fans of Spanish soccer club Valencia traveled to Italy to watch a Champions League match against Atalanta. They were among the 44,236 fans inside Milan’s San Siro Stadium, and several weeks later, after it was determined to be a coronavirus “super-spreading event” that played a significant role in outbreaks locally and in Spain, the match became known as “Game Zero.”

ESPN interviewed more than a dozen epidemiologists and infectious disease experts about the role college football could play in

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What is the coronavirus risk in the ocean, pools, and lakes

Elwanda Tulloch

Summer always means water, whether it’s an ocean, lake, river, swimming pool or hot tub. But now that we’re worrying more about germs, it’s natural to wonder: Will this season’s swimming, surfing, floating and soaking be as safe as it used to be?

Yes, many experts say.

“There is no data that somebody got infected this way” with coronavirus,” said professor Karin B. Michels, chair of UCLA’s Department of Epidemiology, in a recent interview.

“I can’t say it’s absolutely 100% zero risk, but I can tell you that it would never cross my mind to get COVID-19 from a swimming pool or the ocean,” said Paula Cannon, a professor of molecular microbiology and immunology at USC’s Keck School of Medicine. “It’s just extraordinarily unlikely that this would happen.”

On web pages giving pandemic advice, the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say, “There is no evidence that the virus

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